What is Kidney Stone?

A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral deposit that forms in the kidneys. These stones can vary in size and may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. They are formed when certain substances in the urine, such as calcium, oxalate, and phosphorus, become highly concentrated and form crystals.

Kidney stones can cause significant pain and discomfort when they pass through the urinary tract. Common symptoms include severe pain in the back or side, blood in the urine, and frequent urination. The pain often occurs suddenly and can be intense, leading to nausea and vomiting in some cases.

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Causes Of Kidney Stone

The formation of kidney stones is a complex process influenced by various factors. The specific causes can vary from person to person, but common factors contributing to kidney stone formation include:


  • Low fluid intake: Not drinking enough water leads to concentrated urine, increasing crystal formation.
  • High oxalate intake: Oxalate (found in spinach, rhubarb, soy products) combines with calcium to form stones.
  • High protein intake: Can increase uric acid and calcium oxalate stones.
  • High sodium intake: Increases calcium excretion and reduces citrate (inhibits stone formation).
  • High fructose intake: Found in sugary drinks and processed foods, increases uric acid and calcium oxalate stones.

Medical conditions:

  • Certain digestive conditions: Crohn's disease, celiac disease, ulcerative colitis can alter oxalate absorption.
  • Metabolic disorders: Cystinuria, gout, hyperparathyroidism, distal renal tubular acidosis can increase specific stone types.
  • Medications: Diuretics, calcium-based antacids, some antiseizure medications can increase risk.

Other factors:

  • Family history: Increased risk if close family members have had kidney stones.
  • Obesity: Higher risk due to altered metabolism and increased urine concentration.
  • Chronic dehydration: Frequent sweating, vomiting, diarrhoea can cause dehydration and stone formation.
  • Anatomical abnormalities: Blockages or structural issues in the urinary tract can increase risk.

Symptoms Of Kidney Stone


  • Severe pain in the lower back or side, often sudden and intense.
  • Pain that comes and goes in waves, lasting from 20 minutes to an hour.
  • Pain that may radiate to the groin area (men) or abdomen.

Urinary Symptoms:

  • Blood in the urine (red, pink, or brown).
  • Burning or pain when urinating.
  • Frequently need to urinate, even small amounts.
  • Difficulty urinating completely.


  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Fever and chills.
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
  • Restlessness and agitation.s

Who is at a Higher Risk?

People at risk for kidney stones:


  • Low fluid intake: Not drinking enough water concentrates urine, making it easier for crystals to form.
  • High in protein, sodium, or sugar: These can contribute to different types of stones.
  • Low in citrate: Citrate inhibits crystal formation.

Medical conditions:

  • Family history: Having a family member with kidney stones increases your risk.
  • Obesity: Higher BMI and waist size correlate with increased risk.
  • Digestive issues: Certain conditions like inflammatory bowel disease and chronic diarrhea can affect mineral absorption and urine composition.
  • Medical conditions: High blood pressure, diabetes, gout, and polycystic kidney disease can raise risk.

Medications: Some diuretics and calcium-based medications can increase risk.

Anatomical factors: Blockages in the urinary tract and certain kidney abnormalities can increase risk.


  • Dehydration: Sweating a lot without adequate rehydration increases risk.
  • Physical inactivity: Regular exercise helps prevent stones.
  • Chronic illnesses: Conditions like recurrent urinary tract infections can raise risk.

How To Diagnose Kidney Stone

  • Medical history and physical exam: Your doctor will discuss your symptoms and risk factors, and perform a physical examination to assess pain and tenderness.
  • Urinalysis: Checks for blood, white blood cells, crystals, and abnormal levels of minerals associated with kidney stones.
  • Blood tests: Assess kidney function and levels of calcium, phosphorus, uric acid, and electrolytes.

Imaging tests:

  • Ultrasound: Uses sound waves to visualize the kidneys and ureters, often the first choice for pregnant women and children.
  • CT scan: Provides detailed images of the kidneys and urinary tract, the gold standard for diagnosing kidney stones.
  • X-ray: Less commonly used, but can detect larger stones in the kidneys or ureters.

Additional steps:

  • Urine collection: Collecting urine over 24 hours can help identify the type of stone-forming crystals present.
  • Stone analysis: If you pass a stone, analyzing its composition can help determine the cause and prevent future stones.

Complications Of Kidney Stone

  • Severe pain: Kidney stones can cause intense, wave-like pain in the side of the back or abdomen, radiating to the groin or genitals.
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI): Blockage from a stone can create a breeding ground for bacteria, leading to UTIs with symptoms like burning urination, frequency, and urgency.
  • Kidney infection (pyelonephritis): A UTI that spreads to the kidneys can cause fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting.
  • Blockage and hydronephrosis: A large stone can block the flow of urine, causing the kidney to swell (hydronephrosis), which can damage the kidney if not treated promptly.
  • Sepsis: In severe cases, untreated infections associated with kidney stones can spread to the bloodstream, causing life-threatening sepsis.
  • Kidney damage: Long-term recurrent stones or complications can lead to scarring and permanent damage to the kidney, potentially affecting its function.
  • Loss of kidney: In rare cases, severe damage from stones may necessitate removal of the affected kidney (nephrectomy).
  • Bleeding: Some procedures for removing stones, especially those involving surgery, carry a risk of bleeding.
  • Other complications: Less common complications include injury to the ureter during stone removal, bladder blockage from a stone migrating there, and complications from anesthesia used in treatments.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Kidney Stone

Kidney stone treatment in Ayurveda offers holistic solutions for renal stone issues. Ayurvedic treatment for renal stone emphasizes natural remedies to alleviate symptoms and prevent recurrence. Ayurveda, an ancient Indian healing system, believes in balancing the body's energies for overall well-being.

Ayurveda’s perspective on Kidney stone treatment

Ayurvedic treatment for kidney stones is individualised, considering the unique constitution (Prakriti) and imbalances (Vikriti) of each person. It is crucial for individuals with kidney stones to consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner for the treatment. Ayurveda offers a comprehensive and holistic approach to understanding, preventing, and treating kidney stones. By addressing the root causes of stone formation and promoting overall well-being, ayurvedic treatment aims to provide long-term relief and prevent its recurrence. Karma Ayurveda is the place to go if seeking the best Ayurvedic treatment for kidney stones.

Renal stone treatment in Ayurveda involves a combination of dietary changes, herbal remedies, and lifestyle modifications. Ayurvedic treatment for renal stone aims to dissolve stones, ease pain, and promote kidney health. Ayurvedic practitioners often recommend specific herbs like Varuna and Gokshura to cleanse the urinary system.

Ayurvedic treatment for renal stone also emphasizes hydration to flush out toxins. Incorporating Ayurveda into your routine may provide a natural and effective approach to kidney stone management.

Ayurveda’s perspective on Kidney stone treatment

Punarnava (Tar vine): A diuretic that promotes urine production and flushes out stones.

  • Punarnava (Tar vine): A diuretic that promotes urine production and flushes out stones.
  • Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris): Rejuvenates the urinary system, reduces inflammation, and supports kidney health.
  • Varunadi Kwath: A traditional formulation that dissolves stones and eases symptoms.
  • Shilajit: Rich mineral content supports kidney health and natural stone dissolving.
  • Pashanbhed: Specifically dissolves kidney stones, breaking them into smaller, passable fragments.
  • Moringa (Shigru): Powerful antioxidants detoxify the system and enhance kidney function.
  • Ginger (Shunti): Anti-inflammatory properties soothe kidney pain and aid in stone elimination.
  • Horse Gram (Kulattha): Promotes healthy urinary flow and prevents stone formation.
  • Tulsi (Holy Basil): Balances mineral and fluid levels, reduces uric acid, and eliminates stones.

Why Choose Karma Ayurvedas

  • Holistic Approach: We address the root cause of kidney stones, promoting overall kidney health and preventing future occurrences.
  • Natural Remedies: Our treatments rely on powerful Ayurvedic herbs and practices, free from harsh chemicals or side effects.
  • Experienced Practitioners: Our team of skilled Ayurvedic doctors personalizes plans based on your unique needs and stone type.
  • Dietary Guidance: We provide customized plans to manage diet and lifestyle factors contributing to your condition.
  • Gentle Detoxification: Our treatments gently cleanse the urinary system, flushing out stones and toxins.
  • Stress Management: We incorporate techniques like yoga and meditation to address stress, a known trigger for kidney stones.
  • Pain Management: We offer natural pain relief methods to support your comfort during the healing process.
  • Long-Term Support: We guide you beyond stone removal, providing tips for lasting kidney health and well-being.

Certificate no- AH-2023-0186
JAN 05,2023-JAN 04,2026